Adam Quirk | More Criminology Specializations
Adam Quirk says that the study of criminology has really been taking off in recent years thanks to rising crime rates and the advent of more sophisticated and consorted modern techniques used to investigate crimes and catch criminals. In his 15 years of experience as an FBI and DEA agent and a Masters degree in Criminal Justice, Adam Quirk, has seen the study branch out into some very specific sub-specializations. To help you navigate through it all, Adam Quirk discusses some of the most popular specializations to consider as you go through college and kick off your career.
1. Law Enforcement
Specializing in law enforcement is one of the most straightforward paths for a student of criminology. Law enforcement agents, whether at the municipal, county, state, or federal level, work daily with criminals and suspects, applying their knowledge in a practical setting to investigate crimes and track down criminals who will be turned over to the justice system.
Studies in criminology can help further a career in law enforcement and government.
Once suspects have been caught and sufficient evidence has been gathered, criminals are turned over to the courts for judgment and sentencing. Here, an intimate understanding of criminology is required to determine the implications of legal interpretations and implementation.
Criminologists can help ensure that there are no biases or prejudices employed in the judicial process.
3. Corrections and Probation
Corrections and probation specialists help to prevent convicted criminals from returning to a life of crime. This is a very important role in the criminal justice system, and specialists need to be able to differentiate between a legitimate struggle to rehabilitate and rejoin society as a productive member and behavioral patterns that suggest a risk of repeat criminal offenses.
4. Private Investigation
Although criminology is not required to become a private investigator, many criminologists are comfortable in the field of private investigation because of its close proximity to wrong doing and similar behavioral patterns between criminals and subjects being investigated for non-criminal acts that are frowned upon or have implications on existing contracts and agreements.
Many of the same skills are needed between private investigators and law enforcement agents even though their goals and motivations can be very different.
5. Research and Policy Studies
Criminologists play an important role in conducting research and working with various law enforcement agencies to study the social and psychological factors that push individuals into a life of crime. They also determine how criminals interact with different groups in society, and the effect this has on society as a whole.
Research can also focus on juvenile crimes, rehabilitation, and different specific types of crimes such as cyber crimes, violent crimes, or fraud.
Adam Quirk, FBI, DEA (retired), is the principle owner of Stealth Advise LLC, Wisconsin’s Premiere private investigations firm. Its services include infidelity investigations, child custody investigations, surveillance, and background checks for private individuals as well as pre-trial investigations, photographic and video evidence and witness location services for law offices. Learn more about criminology and the criminal justice system by reading more of Adam Quirk blog entries.